thinkFlorida.org was created by the Florida Humanities Council to provide Florida teachers, life-long learners, and anyone interested in learning about Florida’s history and heritage. Each scholar-written article can include related resources like maps, photographs, historic letters, teacher lesson plans, and audio and video programs illustrating specific article subjects.
Known as “the smallest tadpole in the dirty pool of secession,” Florida was the third state to secede from the United States during the American Civil War. Among the Confederate states, Florida possessed the lowest population yet provided critical resources in the form of beef and salt. Florida’s economy during Reconstruction was depressed, and African Americans struggled for access to education and political office.
The Olustee Campaign
Battle of Olustee
In the colonial period, Florida, although a Spanish colony, played a major role in shaping attitudes and events in the southernmost British colonies. Moreover, during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Florida was a battleground for many of the “big” issues in American history, including the struggle of Native Americans to protect themselves and their lands, the struggle of Africans and African Americans to free themselves from bond slavery, and questions about the limits of United States expansion.